What was advertised in a colonial American newspaper 250 years ago today?
“CHARLES STEVENS … informs the Public, particularly his old Customers, that he has removed to BROAD-STREET.”
When Charles Stevens, a goldsmith and jeweler, moved to a new location in the summer of 1771, he placed an advertisement in the Providence Gazette. He intended his notice for “the Public,” but “particularly his old Customers.” Making this distinction served more than one purpose. First, it was a courtesy to existing clients unaware that Stevens changed location. In addition, it suggested to prospective new customers that the goldsmith and jeweler had already cultivated a clientele. Some may have been more likely to engage his services once reassured others previously hired him. Prior demand helped incite new demand. In general, Stevens sought the “Favours of the Public,” whether former customers or new, at his shop on Broad Street.
To that end, he proclaimed that he “carries on his Business in all its Branches, as usual.” This testified to his knowledge of his craft, signaling that he possessed the necessary skill and knowledge to complete any commission presented to him. Appending “as usual” once again testified to his experience. Although he opened a shop at a new location, Stevens was not new to his trade. Beyond the usual services that consumers expected of goldsmiths and jewelers, Stevens also repaired porcelain. In a nota bene, he declared, “Cracked and broken China riveted in the neatest Manner.” As many artisans did in their advertisements, Stevens offered ancillary services that produced additional revenues. He may have also hoped that getting clients to visit his shop for one purpose would lead to subsequent visits for others, provided they had positive experiences the first time.
Stevens’s short advertisement consisted entirely of text, much different from modern jewelry advertisements that dazzle prospective customers with images of the merchandise. Given the technology and standard marketing practices in the eighteenth century, Stevens packed multiple messages intended to resonate with consumers into a short newspaper notice.